The high energy photon source (HEPS), under construction since 2019, is located in the northern core area of Huairou Science City (HSC) and is one of HSC’s large scientific facilities. When it is commissioned, HEPS will not only be the first high-energy light source in China but also one of the brightest fourth-generation synchrotron radiation facilities in the world.
HEPS complex buildings resemble a magnifying glass, thus aptly symbolizing the role of HEPS as a powerful tool for characterizing microstructure of matters. And as one of the key projects listed in the 13th Five-year Plan for national major scientific and technological infrastructure construction, HEPS is an important platform for original and innovative research in the fields of basic science and engineering research. HEPS project, undertaken by Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, comprises of accelerators, beamlines and utility facilities. The estimated construction period is scheduled for six and a half years.
The storage ring of HEPS is 1360.4m in circumference. Its electron energy is 6GeV and the brightness is more than 1×1022 phs/s/mm2/mrad2/0.1%BW. By using a 7-Bending Achromatic (7BA) lattice, the horizontal emittance of the electron beam can surpass 60pm•rad, which is the main feature of the fourth-generation diffraction limited light source.
EPS could accommodate more than 90 high-performance beamlines and stations. Phase I involves construction of 14 user beamlines and stations for researchers in the fields of engineering materials, energy materials, environment research, health study and medicine development, and catalyst in petrochemistry industry, among others. HEPS will provide high-energy, high-brilliance, high-coherence synchrotron light with energies up to 300 keV and more, with the capability for nm spatial resolution, ps time resolution, and meV energy resolution. While providing conventional technical support for general users, HEPS will also operate as a platform for in-situ and operando investigation of real-time structure evolution of the engineering materials with multi-scale and multimodal X-ray probes, which will enable breakthrough in design and manipulation of such materials to meet the requirement from national development strategies and urgent core industrial needs.